Eleven Points for Attention in the Process of Orthodontics
Misunderstanding 1. Only after tooth replacement can we correct it
This misconception may lead to the missing of the best time to correct some malocclusion. In fact, some dentomaxillary deformities are developmental deformities, which need to be prevented and corrected in the process of growth and development. For example, “ground Baotian”, small chin, facial asymmetry, severe tooth crowding and so on, which will affect the normal development of facial bones and oral function, should be corrected as soon as possible. The so-called “everyone, abnormal, best period, also different”.
Error 2. Tooth correction is the patent of children and young people
Many people think that the orthodontic treatment is only for children and young people, and the middle-aged and old people can not carry out orthodontic treatment, which is wrong. Although the growth and development of adults have stopped, and the external shape of the bone has been stable, the ability of regeneration and reconstruction of the internal bone still exists, just like the healing after fracture. If there is no serious periodontitis in adults, the teeth can be corrected. Of course, it needs to be emphasized that in older patients, the complexity of malocclusion is larger, and the correction is more difficult.
Misunderstanding 3. It’s very painful to straighten the teeth and can’t eat normally
After each orthodontic treatment, patients will feel soreness during chewing for two or three days. These slight discomfort can be tolerated by ordinary people and will disappear soon, which is a normal response of the body caused by orthodontic treatment. As for diet, it’s better not to eat hard things (such as bones, hard nuclei) or very sticky things during the treatment to prevent the appliance from falling off.
Error 4: harmful to extraction and correction
Many patients or their families don’t understand the need of tooth extraction, and worry that tooth extraction will affect chewing and make teeth loose. Such concerns are superfluous. Orthodontic treatment rearranges the teeth through the force of correction, and in the process of rearrangement, it often needs a certain gap to align the crowded and disordered teeth, or for some buckteeth patients with adduction protrusion of incisors. Extraction can provide the necessary space for orthodontics, and more than 100 years of orthodontic history has proved that extraction is harmless.
Mistake 5: old teeth are easy to fall off after correction
Some people worry that orthodontics will cause old teeth to loosen or even take off teeth early. In fact, orthodontics is a slow process of biological reconstruction, which induces tooth movement through light orthodontic force. It is absorbed by bone on one side of the moving teeth and reconstructed by bone regeneration on the other side, and finally makes the teeth move to the normal position. Normal orthodontic treatment will not cause trauma to teeth and periodontal tissues.
Error 6. The shorter the time for orthodontics, the better
The speed of tooth movement is usually limited, generally 1-1.5mm per month. Too fast movement will lead to various side effects. Doctors usually adjust reasonably according to the type of malocclusion and the individual difference of tooth movement of each patient, and the treatment course of each patient is usually different, generally 1.5-2.5 years.
Error seven, straightening teeth is very simple, looking for everyone is the same
Orthodontics is a very complex treatment process, examination, diagnosis, formulation of correction plan, and even the whole correction process, each step is very important, only after the professional training of Orthodontics dentists can be competent. It is suggested that the patients should choose the normal medical institutions and qualified orthodontists to complete the tooth correction.
Special note: the patient’s cooperation degree affects the effect of correction
Whether orthodontics can achieve the best results depends not only on the treatment of orthodontists, but also on the cooperation of patients. What should patients do to get good orthodontic effect?
First, in the process of Orthodontics, patients should pay attention to the protection of appliances to avoid damage. Repeated dropping and damage of the appliance will not only affect the effect of correction, but also increase the course of treatment.
Secondly, the patients should wear the accessories of orthodontic appliance on time according to the doctor’s orders, such as head cap, rubber band, flat guide, etc., which play an important and unique role in the correction. If the patient does not cooperate, the orthodontist’s skill is no better. Patients with poor cooperation, not only delay the orthodontic time, but also may not receive the expected effect.
Third, the patients should have regular follow-up, because in the process of Orthodontics, the movement plan of teeth is different in different stages, it is impossible to make the teeth move to the final ideal position with one force. At each follow-up visit, the orthodontist will adjust according to the movement of teeth. Generally, fixed appliance should be worn every 4-6 weeks and movable appliance every 2-3 weeks.
Fourth, the patients should pay special attention to maintain good oral health and develop the habit of brushing their teeth. If you don’t brush your teeth carefully, it is easy to cause gingivitis, caries, tooth enamel and so on. In serious cases, you may even need to stop the correction immediately, and continue the correction after the gingiva is healthy.