Three Factors for Periodontal Disease Treatment
More than 80% of Chinese have periodontal disease of varying severity. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection. Tissues around the teeth, such as gums, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone, are affected. Mild patients will have bad breath, redness, swelling and pain in the gums, and even brushing and bleeding.
Severe periodontitis can cause alveolar bone atrophy, causing tooth shaking and even loosening. Once the bacteria enter the blood through the inflamed gums and attach to the injured heart valve or endocardial wall, severe cases can even cause bacterial endocarditis and cause heart disease.
There is not only one kind of bacteria in the treatment of periodontal disease. It must be accurately diagnosed which kind of bacteria can be prescribed. To avoid the threat of periodontal disease, in addition to relying on the assistance of the dentist’s clinic, you must also develop good dental cleaning habits. Regularly returning to the clinic every six months to wash and inspect the teeth, so that the attending physician can do the best for your oral health. .
Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection. The supporting tissues around the teeth (gum, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone) become diseased. Those with mild symptoms will have bad breath, red and swollen gums, pain, and bleeding from brushing. In severe cases, the teeth will shake or even fall off. , Common chronic periodontal disease can be generally divided into gingivitis and periodontitis, these two diseases with different clinical symptoms, generally called collectively periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can also be transmitted to each other through saliva, through diet and family contact.
Special factors affecting gum health are generally divided into the following:
Cigarette nicotine inhibits the function of white blood cells in the body, reduces the amount of antibodies in our body, affects the body’s ability to defend against periodontal bacteria, and causes the deterioration and spread of periodontal disease. The treatment of periodontal disease in smokers often fails to achieve the desired effect. High chance of relapse.
2. Pregnancy and adolescence
During pregnancy, due to changes in hormones in the body, the number of periodontal bacteria will increase greatly, exacerbating the existing periodontal problems, and the incidence of gum inflammation will increase, and even some women will develop pregnant granuloma. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis have a lower bone density of their jaw bones than normal women and a greater number of tooth losses.
3. Personal factors such as stress, drugs, molars, diabetes, etc.
Clinical data indicate that people over 45 years of age with diabetes and smoking have a 20-fold greater chance of developing severe periodontal disease than people without diabetes and smoking. Diabetic patients will change the body’s immune system, affect the collagen fiber metabolism in the gum tissue, accelerate alveolar bone loss, and delay the healing ability of periodontal tissues. Therefore, patients with poor blood glucose control will have worse periodontal treatment results than expected.
Other systemic diseases, such as leukemia patients, will increase the chance of onset, and will be more rapid than those with chronic periodontal disease. The erosion of alveolar bone will be dozens of times faster than that of patients with chronic periodontal disease. The gums between the teeth appear concave erosion, and even the bones are exposed with severe pain.
Three stages of periodontal disease treatment
Phase 1: basic treatment
Doctors use tools to reach the bottom of the gingival inflammation, thoroughly clean the tooth surface and deep dirt, including plaque, calculus and contaminated dentine, and teach oral hygiene how to maintain, so that the periodontal tissues that are inflamed and bleeding can Close to the root surface, restore health. It may take more than a month to treat periodontal disease in order to observe the improvement of gums after periodontal tissue is cleared, and then to evaluate whether to treat with surgery. Most patients with periodontal disease are satisfied with this stage. Treatment results.
Second stage: periodontal surgery
In cases where basic treatment cannot be resolved, surgical treatment is needed. Periodontal disease surgery is a minor operation that does not require hospitalization. After surgery, there is usually only slight discomfort. You can immediately return to work or work in general, but you need to avoid intense exercise or labor.
The third stage: regular maintenance
After periodontal disease is actively treated, periodic visits and maintenance are required every so often (usually several months) to ensure periodontal health. On the other hand, if the disease recurs, it can be early Discover early treatment. The treatment of periodontal disease also requires the cooperation of patients, especially oral hygiene. If patients cannot maintain good oral hygiene, the treatment effect is not good, and even periodontal disease will recur, so patients need patience. Without patience, it is likely to worsen and affect our normal social life.
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